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Speculations 2: Absolute
simultaneity, the occurrences of events on different reference bodies
at the same timepoint, would require absolute time clocks (ATCs, ITICs,
non-distortable clocks) which are "independent of the state of motion
of [their bodies] of reference" [Einstein, Relativity, 1961 edition, p.
27] for the identical timepoint needed for determining absolute
ATCs/ITICs/non-distortable clocks are realities.
Among the ATCs/ITICs/non-distortable clocks are the adjustable clocks
which are the radio clocks which are used by the US NIST, USNO and
French Bureau of Weights and Measures to generate the standard second
and therefore the standard time used for scientific experiments and the
radio clocks of the GPS nav system, whose master clock is synched with
the USNO standard clock and whose satellite slave clocks are NOT
measuring satellite local time because they are in fact 'independent of
the state of motion of [their bodies] of reference' and thereby fit
Einstein's requirements/standards for clocks which measure absolute
time and whose timepoints can be used for determining absolute
We can note that the standard time generated by the adjustable clocks
of the USNO are being used for the recent OPERA experiments wherein the
USNO standard time is transmitted via the GPS nav system satellites as
controlled by the GPS master clock.
Real scientists really are using the 'outputs' of adjustable clocks for
the time/standard time/standard second/etc. for real scientific
experiments, therefore the dispute inre whether or not adjustable
clocks 'output' time is over, and therefore my theory of time, which
describes the reality of time being categorized as local time when
distortable clocks are used for temporal measurement and as absolute
time when adjustable/non-distortable clocks are used for temporal
measurement, is correct. And note that relativity does NOT describe the
possibility and/or reality of adjustable/non-distortable clocks and
absolute simultaneity and absolute time, b/c, in fact, inre pp. 25-27
of Relativity, 1961 edition, Einstein denied the reality of absolute
Therefore, ATCs/ITCs are realities. They can be used to measure
absolute time and to determine absolute simultaneity.
Q: If ... T-1 <- T0 -> T+1 ... is not a continuum, whatizzit?
A: _____ (?)
A set of 'categorically different states'?
The dimension of time is continuous—one moment is contiguous with
another, the timepoints being only arbitrary marks separated by a
chosen duration/time-interval upon the timeline which is the continuum
The continuum of time is continuous with respect to its
The universal m/e system is a single system whose sum total does not
change b/c it is a closed/isolated system b/c there are no other m/e
systems with which it could exchange m/e, therefore, it undergoes
changes of its configuration without a change of its sum total and
therefore it has a continuous existence/duration/endurance and, inre
its continuous existence/etc., and its continuous sum total, the
universal m/e system can be considered to be a physical continuum in
contrast to a temporal or spatial continuum.
Any changes of the universal m/e system configuration occur during the
continuous endurance/duration of the system itself, observable by the
flow of the motions of entities comprised of m/e from one position to
Space, as a volume of infinite size, with no shape and therefore no
surface and therefore no boundaries, is itself a continuum in two
respects: (1) the continuity of the infinite size of its volume and (2)
the continuity of its infinite existence/duration/endurance inre time.