The Spaceship Diagrams reveal the fact that the speed of light is an approach-departure speed and therefore Lightrays A and B will go past Spaceship's center-of-mass at c/186,000 mps only when Spacesip is not moving, e.g., Spaceship is at AS (absolute speed) and AV (absolute velocity) = 0 mps at AR (absolute rest) in the ARRF (absolute rest reference frame—Spaceship 1 Diagram and Spaceship 1 DV), will go past Spaceship's center-of-mass at c < 186,000 mps when Spaceship is moving at parallel to and in the same direction of motion as Lightrays A and B and with velocity v relative to the Spacepoints at which Lightrays A and B were emitted (Spaceship 2 Diagram and Spaceship 2 DV), and will go past Spaceship's center-of-mass at c > 186,000 mps when Spaceship is moving at v parallel to but opposite the direction of motion of Lighgtrays A and B.

NOTE: The DVs were created using Apple's iMovie program. They have been verified to open with Quicktime™ and Real Player™. When clicked, they will attempt to download to your computer. You will be asked which application you prefer to use to open and view the DVs.

Spaceship 1 Diagram

Spaceship 1 DV: spaceship1.dv

Spaceship 2 Diagram

Spaceship 2 DV: spaceship2.dv

Spaceship 3 Diagram

Spaceship 3 DV: spaceship3.dv

Spaceship 4 Diagram

Spaceship 4 DV: spaceship4.dv

Spaceship 5 Diagram

Spaceship 5 DV: spaceship5.dv

Spaceship 3 Diagram

Spaceship 3 DV: spaceship3.dv

Spaceship 4 Diagram

Spaceship 4 DV: spaceship4.dv

Spaceship 5 Diagram

Spaceship 5 DV: spaceship5.dv

The RC DVs (movies) show howitiz that the speed of light inside a reference frame such as Spaceship is measured incorrrectly when distorted rulers and clocks are used.

The RC Diagrams represent combinations of 2 Rulers and 2 Clocks, e.g., Ruler 1 which is an adjustable ruler/AR and Ruler 2 which is a non-adjustable ruler/NAR whose length will vary (shorten) inversely with accelerations and Clock 1 which is an adjustable clock/AC whose rate of ticking and timecount will not vary inversely with accelerations and Clock 2 which is a non-adjustable clock/NAC whose rate of ticking will vary (decrease/slow down) inversely with accelerations.

RC1 DV: RC1.dv

RC2 DV: RC2.dv

RC3 DV: RC3.dv

RC4 DV: RC4.dv

RC5 DV: RC5.dv