### The Law of Physical States and The Corollaries of the Law of Physical States

Bob Kroepel
Lakeside Studios
New Durham, NH USA 03855

The Law of Physical States: An entity, a person or an object, comprised of matter/energy (m/e) has at any timepoint a physical state including its inertial state: an entity will retain its physical state/inertial state until acted upon by a force of some kind.

The Corollaries of the Law of Physical States

1. A force is a form of matter/energy (m/e); a force has a source, a force source, which is the entity or event who/which is the cause of the force.
2. A force causes a push or a pull inre an entity; a force is either a push-force or a pull-force; a push-force causes an entity to be accelerated away from the push-force source and a pull-force causes an entity to be accelerated towards the pull-force source.
3. Only a force can cause a change of the physical state including the inertial state of an entity.
4. The observation of a change of physical state/inertial state implies the change is an effect which is caused by a cause which is a force of some kind, a form of m/e.

A physical state includes any and all observable and/or measurable characteristics of a person or an object including size, shape, mass (weight), color, m/e composition, oscillation (rate of ticking for clocks), motion (inertial state: being at-rest or in-motion), location in space (position), timepoint (time mark on a continuum of time), duration (age, endurance), etc.

The Law of Physical States and The Corollaries of the Law of Physical States are fundamental to physical phenomena at all physical scalar levels, including the scalar level of quantum mechanics, QM.

Causality is the event occurs when objects and events comprised of matter/energy as causes cause as effects (A) changes of the physical states of pre-existing objects and events or (B) new objects and events from pre-existing m/e.

Causality is the basis of determinism.

Determinism is a term used to describe the fact that an effect is caused by a cause, that a cause determines an effect.

Although scientists may not yet be able to observe the changes of the inertial states of pre-existing atoms and subatomic particles, they are able to observe the changes of inertial states of percentages of atoms and subatomic particles in known quantities of atoms/subatomic particles, then by Corollary 4 of the Law of Physical States this observation is proof that a force of some kind has caused the observed change of inertial states, and, thus, determinism is occurring at atomic and subatomic scalar levels, including QM scalar levels.

[1] Albert Einstein, in Relativity: The Special and General Theory, Crown Publishers, New York, 1961, translated by Robert Lawson, p. 11:

As is well known, the fundamental law of the mechanics of Galilei-Newton, which is known as the law of inertia, can be stated thus: A body sufficiently far from other bodies continues in a state of rest or of uniform motion in a straight line.

[2] Charles Proteus Steinmetz: The Fundamental Law of Physics

Charles Proteus Steinmetz.
Four Lectures on Relativity and Space.
Dover Publications, Inc., 180 Varick Street, New York, NY 10014 1967
pp. 49–50:

The fundamental law of physics is the law of inertia. "A body keeps the same state as long as there is no cause to change its state." That is, it remains at rest or continues the same kind of motion—that is, motion with the same velocity in the same direction—until some cause changes it, and such cause we call a 'force.' " [Quotes in the original, but not attributed to anyone.]

This is really not merely a law of physics, but it is the fundamental law of logic. It is the law of cause and effect: "Any effect must have a cause, and without cause there can be no effect." This is axiomatic and is the fundamental conception of all knowledge, because all knowledge consists in finding the cause of some effect or the effect of some cause, and therefore must presuppose that every effect has some cause, and inversely. [Quotes in the original but not attributed to anyone.]