The Operational Definitions of the Terms and
for the Basic Concepts, Principles and Techniques of Operational
Robert Howard Kroepel
Copyright © 2005
20 South Shore Road
New Durham, New Hampshire USA 03855-2107
All Reality = Objects and Events
Object = Unity comprised of matter and/or energy (matter/energy, or
an object/unity retains its identity for a longer duration in time than
Examples of Objects: A woman named Jane, a ball, a man named Dick.
Event = Relationship between or among objects, especially a causal
wherein people/objects who/which are causes and who/which cause/create
who/which are effects; an event has a shorter duration in time than the
Example of an Event: Jane throws the ball to Dick.
Causality = People/objects/events who/which are causes cause
who/which are effects; a sequence, or chain, in which (1)
are causes (2) cause (3) people/objects/events who/which are effects:
(1) Causes (2) Cause (3) Effects.
Explanation = Description of a relationship between/among
Causal Explanation = Description of the people/objects/events who/which
causes of people/objects/events who/which are effects.
Example of a Causal Explanation: Jane is the cause of the effect of the
during which the ball travels through time and space to Dick.
Concept = Mental representation or idea of a object.
Principle = Mental representation/idea of an event.
Technique = Application of a concept and its related principle.
True Concept = Concept (mental representation/idea) which accurately
a real/actual object.
False Concept = Concept which inaccurately describes a person/object.
True Principle = Principle (mental representation/idea) which
describes a real/actual event (a relationship between/among
a causal relationship between/among people/objects).
False Principle = Principle which inaccurately describes a relationship
Practical Technique = Effective application of a concept and its
Impractical Technique = Ineffective application of a concept and its
Knowledge = Collection, or system, or set, of concepts, principles and
True Knowledge = Collection/system/set of accurate concepts and
False Knowledge = Collection/system/set of inaccurate concepts and
Philosophy = Collection/system/set of concepts, principles and
Religion = Philosophy which includes a belief in the existence of